Babies, from his birth to approx two years of age, learn about the world by their senses and his motor skills. Kids in this stage learn from sensory cues. Let your little one see your smile when he does something you want him to do; let him hear your calm voice when he is scared or not feeling good. In this way, your child learns about their environments.
When your child just begins to talk then he entered the stage where your child is oriented only to the present, he hasn’t learned how to think about his past or future. At this point, your child is still egocentric, seeing only his viewpoint.
The child in the first grade, enter the phase of life, where he begins learning how to think more abstractly. In this stage, he also progresses to the point where he started thinking logically about things he sees.
Stage 4: INFANCY
It is the first year of your child’s life after birth. At this stage, your child is called a newborn baby. This stage has a distinctive appearance, arms and legs are relatively short as the head is very large. Infants are born with certain abilities already developed like they have a well-developed sense of smell; they try to communicate their needs by crying when they are hungry, uncomfortable, lonely, or bored.
· When your little one is of 6 weeks, he typically starts smelling, and starts making vocal sounds, like “ahh”, ”dada”, ”gaga”.
· By 6 months, your child spends a lot of time babbling, he has also learned to sit and starting to crawl.
· By 12 months, your little champ starts saying his first word, he can stand with any help and support and also may have started to walk.
Child development is the process through which human begins typically grow and mature from infancy through adulthood. We believe that investing in our children’s development from the earliest age is the single most important contribution we can make…
Enrichment of vocabulary. It helps in developing a rapport between the child and the teachers. It prepares the child for building his memory and imagination.
STORIES: A COMMUNAL CURRENCY OF HUMANITY
Story telling is the very oldest form of teaching, the story creates magic and a sense of wonder at the world. Children should be told stories again and again, as stories define us, shape us, control us, and make us. Stories help your kids to know and understand the sounds and words, and develop early skills on them. When your child is listening to stories, it sparks his imagination, stimulates curiosity, and also helps your child in the development of his brain, social, and communication skills.
BENEFITS OF STORYTELLING
The story should be told in a dramatized manner or voice, as they love actions and movements. It is also very important to maintain eye contact with the children so that they have the feeling that they are a part of what is happening.
Every human culture in the world is not yet literate, but still, every single culture tells stories. Storytelling is a very unique way for kids to develop an understanding, respect, and appreciation for others and promote a positive attitude to people from different lands, religions, and cultures.
A very big advantage of storytelling is that listening to stories enhances your child’s vocabulary.
EFFECT ON CHILDRENS
When you tell your first story to your child, there is a magical moment. Your child sits enthralled, mouths open, eyes wide, and constantly staring into your eyes.
Children enjoy telling stories. The stories should be REAL stories, not fantasy or fairy tales, the story should be short with simple and easy language along with different pictures. The story should cover the events of daily life, like, there was a child who gets up in the morning, brushes his teeth, washes his face and combs his hair, and so on. There were the good old days when we would lie beside our daadis or naanis, and they read stories for us- the righteousness of the Pandavas, the stories of Vikram and Betaal, and many more. These stories taught us the important lessons of our lives, they taught us about good and bad.
Perfect storytelling is acting out a story. Storytelling parents are found to have a more emotional bond with the children, as storytelling is a creative form of expression where imagination is translated into words.
Feeding to your little one can often be challenging, as several development changes are happening at this time. Toddlers are striving for independence and control and as a result, their growth rate slows down. All these changes make mealtime difficult. So, it is important for us to provide the structure and set limits. We have to provide them regular meals and snacks. If your child refuses to eat food, don’t make a big deal out of it. Try again after some time.
HEALTHY DIETS LEADS TO HAPPY LIFE
Train your child’s body to crave healthy food, as eating is a necessity but eating healthy is an art. Try to serve the food which is easy for your child to eat, by cutting the food into bite-size pieces, making food soft and moist. Always try to avoid foods that are hard to chew and swallow.
HEALTHY FOOD CHOICES
The brain uses more energy than any other organ in the body. Everything from attentiveness to learning and memory, are affected by the food your child consumes. Your child, whose brain is rapidly developing, needs a nutrient-dense diet to help them as they process the world around them. If your child doesn’t get suitable nutrients then they might struggle to develop the skills to maintain concentration, which is increasingly important as they get older.
Create colorful plates containing a variety of vegetables. Your child’s food must contain “calcium” as it strengthens bones, “protein” which helps in building muscles of your child, “carbohydrates” which provides energy to your child and he actively participates in any activity, “iron” which makes healthy blood and at last most importantly “essential fats” as it helps your child’s body to absorb the other vitamins.
EARLY CHILD DEVELOPMENT
In the first five years of your child’s life, his brain develops more and faster than any other time in his life. His early relationships, experiences, and the things which he hears, sees, smells, touches-stimulates his brain, creating millions of connections. This is when the foundation for learning and health throughout life is laid down.
A loving, nurturing relationship helps you and your children to learn more about each other. As he grows up, his needs will change.
Your child’s play is not simply a reproduction of what he has experienced or what he has gone through, but a creative reworking of the impressions he has acquired. The more risks you allow your child to take, the better they learn to look after themselves.
One of the best gifts you can give your child is the ability to play on their own. Instead of worrying about whether we should give our child gold stars for participating in any work or gold stars for being the best child, We have to involve our child in real-world activities where the result is itself a reward to him!
Play is far more powerful for children, however, than many parents realize. It’s the key to learning. Researchers and educators across the world have found that play can help enrich learning and develop key skills such as inquiry, expression, experimentation, and teamwork.
Problem-solving and decision-making skills are stalled when there’s always someone to think for them. Imagination and creativity aren’t relied on when games are always made up by someone else! By now you probably know why it’s important that children play on their own every day. If your kids aren’t used to playing on their own then there will be some adjustment.
Our society has completely lost sight of what’s truly important in life. It’s time to find it again.
Tips to help your child learn to play by themselves
Giving children choices helps them feel like they have some power and control over what they do, and is a step in growing up. Everyone likes to have choices in the things they do. Some child care providers think they need to do all the planning. They forget that children need choices. Some children will just go along with whatever an adult tells them to do. Others will become angry because they aren’t given the chance to choose for themselves. Giving children choices helps them feel like they have some power and control over what they do. It’s a step in growing up.
The more choices your child gets to make while living under your roof the better off they are.
Give your child attention
Everyone at every age needs attention! It feels good when someone focuses his or her full attention on you. Being attentive also feels good for your infant or toddler (and older children). For children, getting attention is even more important than for adults. Children need attention to grow, develop self-esteem and a positive sense of identity, and to flourish and succeed. There’s even research showing that parental attentiveness has a connection to releasing children’s growth hormones.
Don’t jump to accommodate every request
If my child has plenty of things to play with, I’m probably not going to stop what I’m doing to retrieve another toy he wants. This helps him focus on what he’s got instead of thinking of 50 other things he thinks he wants to play with.
Location, Location, Location
The location is not important as long as there’s something for the child to do and some type of boundary in place.
It’s not independent play if they roam around the house and you have to follow them to be sure they aren’t getting into trouble.
Be consistent with independent play and give it time
Independent playtime is something that works best with consistency.
Choose a time that works best and try to have playtime during that time each day so the kids know what to expect.
Knowing what to expect is a huge thing for children, and they are much more likely to participate without a fight if they see it coming.
Start with 5 minutes, 10 minutes, and then work up to 30 minutes or an hour as the child can do so and enjoys it.
Learning to think critically may be one of the most important skills that today’s children will need for the future. In today’s global and rapidly changing world, your children need to be able to do much more than repeating a list of facts: your little champ needs to be critical thinkers who can make sense of information, analyze, contrast, compare and generate higher-order thinking skills.
EXERCISE TO IMPROVE CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS
I am not talking about whether there is any strategy to teach your child how to think critically. Our role is to ask sometimes open-ended questions to guide the thinking process of your child. Allow your child to experiment and refine her theories on what causes thinking to happen.
For developing or helping your child to build a foundation of critical thinking you have to provide him the opportunities to play, offer your child ample time to think, attempt a task. Don’t intervene immediately.
Try to ask him open-ended questions, rather than answers to the questions your child raises to you, help him think critically by asking questions in return: “What is your point of view? What ideas do you have?”. Respect his responses whether in your point of view that was correct or not. You could support him by saying, “yah! That’s interesting, tell me why you think so.” Or by saying, “How would you solve this problem? what’s going in your mind?”
By allowing your child to think differently, you’re helping him to develop their creative problem-solving skills.
PROMOTE CHILDREN’S INTEREST
When your child is deeply vested in any topic or pursuit, they are more engaged and willing to experiment. The process of expanding their knowledge brings about a lot of opportunities for critical thinking, so encouraging this activity helps your child invest in their activity of interests.
Always try to avoid teaching your child to do any task in one certain way, and one way only. It’s worth teaching kids early on about biases. When your kid understands how desires influence their judgment, they learn how bias works and do they avoid it.
In addition to Ofsted ‘s latest Education Inspection Framework (EIF), the term cultural capital has been added. Cultural capital is the fundamental knowledge that children need to be educated people, it is the vital information that children need to prepare them for future success. Many kids arrive at an early year environment with their learning and playing, with different experiences than others.
It’s about giving kids the best possible start to their early age education. It’s the job of setting up to help kids from 0-6 years of age feel the awe and wonder of the world they live in through the seven years of learning. We believe in the value of ensuring equity for children who are cultural and developmental in the early years of the learning environment.
Defining present-day intellectual capital
Three sources of cultural capital Bourdieu identified: objective, embodied, and institutionalized.
Objective: Cultural objects, books, artworks
Embodied: Vocabulary, tastes, mannerisms
Institutionalized: Skills, certificates for the education
More recent research by several scholars on the concept of cultural capital has added scientific, emotional, regional, and subcultural types of cultural capital to this list.
Technical: marketable competencies, e.g. IT
Emotional: empathy, compassion (things companies in management roles can be looking for in employees)
National: ‘Operates on the assumption of the existence of traditions, both high and traditional, which generate and justify a sense of belonging and the occupation of a national governing role … It is a type with a limited exchange value because it is not unusual … in practice, lacking it acts as a handicap, rather than providing a route to profit and preferential possession.’
Subcultural: groups formed around cultural details that involve unique cultural awareness and behaviors for individuals to belong to the sub-set.
In this new sense, ‘Cultural Capital’ is embodied by an individual who has knowledge of a wide range of cultures and is comfortable discussing their value and merits. It is defined by the maturity and capacity to be able to apply the correct information in any given situation: a job interview, a conversation with a neighbor, the creation of a network of work, etc.
The benefits of cultural capital
Evidence shows that the cultural capital passed down by families is helping children in school do better. The education system values the awareness and ways of thinking established by the development of abstract as well as formal cultural capital. As adults, cultural capital allows people to network with other adults with similar information and experiences and, in effect, monitor access to
This system of privilege is defined in their 2009 book Community, Class, Distinction Bennet, et al.
‘This is the reproduction circuit associated with schooling and formal education. Those parents equipped with cultural capital are able to drill their children in the cultural forms that predispose them to perform well in the educational system through their ability to handle “abstract” and “formal” categories. These children are able to turn their cultural capital into credentials, which can then be used to acquire advantaged positions themselves.’
Valuing the cultures of children and families
Each child and family who enters a setting will have their own awareness and experiences that will interact with their community and extended family. This may include cultures, values, customs, family and cultural heritage, interests, travel, and work. Evidence indicates that, if the cultures of children and families are respected, both the learning experience and the success of the child will profit.
(Husain et al., 2018, p. 4 and Gazzard, E. 2018 in Chalmers, H. and Crisfield, E. 201)
What is Montessori ‘s or childminder’s position here?
The children learn from the various people around them about the local society. And here the question comes to mind how the kids know about their native culture as if any are from India how they know about the culture of India?
So, here the role of Montessori or childminder comes into play. Depending on their background, it is really important to give content to children’s which helps children learn their native culture.
Exciting and Stimulating activities of cultural capital
Finding books on a child’s favorite topic Create role-playing games that further their interest in a given idea Take the Park Trips And plan neighborhood events such as police conferences.
When your kid starts learning to write, It can be an exciting and somehow frustrating time. If you don’t try too much too soon, It can be fun for you and your kid as well. Teaching your kid to write depends on many factors such as the ease with which they can hold a pencil or a crayon, their enthusiasm to write or draw, their interest for big and small letters, and many more.
Your toddler may be a keen artist, wanting to write or draw random letters or figures everywhere. But it is our responsibility to teach them to write, which involves more than just stick figure art and random shapes. We have to teach them not to rush to the alphabet, number, or shape. Create simple lines and shapes and ask your little one to simply copy them.
HELP YOUR TODDLER TO WRITE
When we speak, it is a manner in which we express our thoughts to other people, but when we write our thoughts, that means they are being recorded in graphic symbols.
When we write we manifest our thoughts. It is often seen that when people are hesitant to speak, they pass the subject or matter through writing. Writing is the way and means through which we communicate with others. It is a way to release emotional tension.
TEACH YOUR KID TO HOLD A PENCIL
Do you worry that your kid might be gripping the pencil wrong?
Teaching your kid to hold a pencil is no walk in the park. If you start forcing your kid to hold a pencil in a particular way, it might even prove to be a difficult one. It might be even more challenging to teach your kid to hold a pencil the correct way once they develop a grip of their preference. That’s why it is imperative that you teach your little one this important skill at the right time and in the right way.
The grip requires the use of two fingers and a thumb. Teach your kid to grip the pencil by applying equal pressure from all the fingers. Give your child a short pencil, as it is easier for kids to write with short pencils, it allows a better grasp as kids have to pinch their fingers together to hold the pencil firmly.
Writing is a complex action, which involves several acts. These movements are individual efforts and need practice. One part of writing depends upon the preparation of the motor. Mechanism and the other depending upon the preparation of intellect.
STAGES OF PENCIL GRASPING
As your kid grows, they will naturally hold their crayons and pencils in different ways. The way in which a kid holds a pencil depends on how ready their shoulder and arms muscles are. Typically around 1-1.5 years of age, your child starts to develop more control over their shoulder and arm muscles; they will move on to hold a pencil with their fingers. A child develops this grasp typically around 2-3 years old. The child continues to use whole arm movements to scribble with this grasp.
From age 3.5-4 years old, your kid may move on to hold the pencil with three fingers. And at last at the age of 4-6 years, your kid starts grasping the pencil. The fingers of your little one’s now start moving independently and allow for more precise drawing and writing.
When you’re teaching to your kids to write, you are teaching them to think, as writing is a window through which all thinking starts. Our task, regarding creativity, is to help our little ones climb their own mountains, as high as possible.
Our kids are naturally creative. It is our job to give them the freedom and space to let their creativity blossom to its full potential.
Outdoor play improves your child’s physical, mental, and social development. Physical skills are essential for your child’s growth, physical coordination, and the movement of the body. Outdoor play is a big part of healthy growth, development, and learning of your child. When children play outdoors, they increase their ability to jump, climb, throw, run, and balance themselves.
Outdoor play helps your baby to learn about different surroundings and can make you feel more comfortable with the world around him. Enjoy some time on a blanket or towel with your little champ, crawling on the grass, through big boxes, under outdoor furniture, looking at different colored cars, street signs, and traffic light signals. Enjoying some beautiful moments with him, you can help your child make the most of this stage with outdoor plays.
Playing outside helps your child to develop his learning abilities. By putting some educational materials outdoors, your child is soon learning through play, which is a fun way and also helps your child to develop new skills of information and abilities.
With more room to play in, your child is often more active when outside. It helps them to build functional fitness, strong bones, and also enable them to burn off extra energy and calories.
Outdoor plays help your child to come out of his shells and to be more socially prepared. It means that your child will be more willing to join in games and activities; he will also be more likely to talk to other children and make new friends. Theseactivities encourage your child to learn social skills and how yo interact with others.
While playing outside and interacting with other children, help your child to learn independence when socially interacting with other children as well as learning to play himself.
Your child learns how to takes turns while playing to pick himself up when he falls, all resulting in learning how to be independent and self-reliant.
BUMPS AND BRUISES
It’s OK for your child to push the play boundaries outside, where he has room to run faster, jump further, and climb higher. It might mean some tears and pain, a scrape, or a fall, but these risky activities help your little champ learn from mistakes and bounce back.
Nursery rhymes and songs are very important for our kids as they help to hear the sounds and syllables in words, which helps our kids learn to read! Once our child understands what is being said they find the songs, rhymes, and poems incredibly hilarious!. Emotionally kids relate the rhymes, poems, or songs whatever they had heard to lots of the content!. Contents like being naughty, superheroes, fear of spiders are all close to children’s hearts.
Children are taught songs and poems suitable to their age group. The songs are usually such that have numerous rhyming words, so the children can easily learn them, singing and dancing with the songs, or with the rhymes. Repeating rhymes also helps in the development of our kids.
EFFECTS OF KINDER RYMPIES
When children hear songs or rhymes they are hearing a different range of sounds than they would in normal, everyday speech. Rhymes are powerful tools that can cut through a labyrinth of thoughts, to convey deep meanings in crispy words!
The sing-song, rhymes, and poems introduce your little one to the new ways of using their voice, sometimes making it louder and maybe some times faster or slower. These all improve the child’s vocabulary, cultural knowledge, and realistic.
As your child starts singing songs or rhymes, they subconsciously start making connections with the constituents of words, they start searching for familiar sounds in the rhymes or music and this is often the “first step of your child”.
OPEN DOORS TO HIS NEW WORLD
Songs, rhymes, and poems help your little one to build a better imagination. If you expose your child to poems or rhymes, they are usually also exposed to bright and colorful illustrations. For instance, there is a widely known and loved rhyme that most will remember,
A child, who listens to this rhyme a few times, is listening to a story about stars that are twinkling in the sky, and the child is shocked to see how they do that. The more rhymes your child is exposed to, the more he develops his skills. So, let your child enjoy the goodness of rhymes and poems so that he can fill his imagination world with more beautiful colors, as beautiful as a rainbow!
The prepared environment is the gateway to cater to everything, keeping in view the inner need, since they are hungry for words. Therefore their vocabulary can also be enriched by classified cards. They are also fed with technical terms. Besides this, the child’s personality is groomed correctly when they are given attention at the right time and the right age, only by talking and listening properly to the child in the prepared environment. It must be bright, inviting, warm, and beautiful as it is placed where they can do things for themselves, live their own life without any immediate help from adults. In doing so, the child becomes conscious of his power and ability to do things himself.
A prepared environment is a special place where children can flourish with freedom and independence. All of this is a vast forest. Inside the forest is the child. This forest is fascinating, green, beautiful, and full of hope, there are no paths inside this forest, the child has to make their paths, as teachers and children are families in the woods. Sometimes they find themselves together within the forest, sometimes they may get lost from each other, but it’s living together in this forest, that is important, and of course, this living is not easy.
The child has full freedom here to move wherever they want; they have the privilege of choice and freedom to interact socially. We believe in giving full independence to our children to choose their daily activities in which they have more interest, and as a mentor, we keep an eye on them and carefully notice and correct them whenever they need help. And this improves their knowledge, learning, and thinking ability.
The child has a high capacity to retain and reproduce words. He takes in much more than he shows. The prepared environment should support social development by encouraging freedom of interaction. Living in a good social environment increases the likelihood through which a child will develop a positive social relationship.
The more your child interacts with his mentors, the more it will boost their self-confidence and self-esteem. Spending time in play and conversation with other kids allows your children to learn about emotions and relationships. They watch everything and notice how to interact with others and how to react in different situations.
The intellectual environment helps the child in the prepared environment to develop their understanding, reasoning, learning, memorizing skills, and many more. As loving and caring mentors, we incorporate best practices to nurture and pamper our kids. From the early stage of their life, we focus on their physical, emotional, and intellectual development, as they all together develop the whole personality of the child.